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  #1  
Old Posted May 15, 2022, 1:00 PM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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Skyscraper History in Europe (from 1898 until today)

High-rise buildings before World War II.

Sorted by year

Last edited by KlausD; Oct 30, 2022 at 12:22 PM.
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  #2  
Old Posted May 15, 2022, 2:15 PM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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Skyscraper history from 1898 to 1959

Witte Huis - Rotterdam
First highrise building in Europe.
It was built in 1898, just 13 years later than the world's first "skyscraper", the Home Insurance Building in Chicago.
It is 43m/141ft tall, with 11 floors and was designed by the architect Willem Molenbroek.


401px-Rotterdam_Het_Witte_Huis_1900 by The Hotfessional, auf Flickr


Royal Liver building - Liverpool
The Royal Liver Building is one of the most recognisable landmarks in the city of Liverpool and was built between 1908 and 1911 at the Pier Head.
The building stands at 98.2 m (322 ft) tall to the top of the clock towers and 103.7 m at the top of the birds and was designed by Walter Aubrey Thomas.
It is one of the first buildings in the world to be built using reinforced concrete.


The Royal Liver Building from The River Mersey by Steve Wilson, auf Flickr


Telefónica Building - Madrid
At the time of construction, the Telefónica Building was the (second) tallest skyscraper in Europe
and reaches a roof height of 89m with 14 floors. It was built from 1926 to 1929 by architekt Ignacio de Cárdenas.


Telefonica Building by a2 d2, auf Flickr


Boerentoren (now KBC-Tower) - Antwerp
One of the first high-rise buildings in Europe and the first in Antwerp.
Constructed between 1929 and 1932, it was originally 87.5m tall and was raised to 95.8m in 1976.


Boerentoren, Antwerp by Max, auf Flickr


Piacentini Tower (now Terazza Martini Tower) - Genoa
Europe's first 100m/328ft tall skyscraper.
Designed by Marcello Piacentini and Angelo Invernizzi and completed in 1940,
it stand at a roof height of 108 m with 31 floors.


grattacielo sud, piazza Dante, Genova by Xavier de Jauréguiberry, auf Flickr



The 50's - Rise of the Seven Sisters - The era of 500 ft skyscrapers in Europe has begun.


Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building - Moscow
The first skyscraper in Europe with a height of 176m/577ft and 32 floors was completed in 1952, designed by
the architects Dmitry Chechulin and Andrei Rostkovsky. This building is part of the Seven Sisters, commissioned
by Joseph Stalin to be built in the Socialist Classicism.


1137 by Sergey Norin, auf Flickr


Lomonosov Moscow State University - Moscow
This building was the tallest of the Seven Sister and Europe's first 200m/656ft+ building. Completed in 1953 it was the tallest building in Europe and held
this record for 37 years. Until 1969, it was also the tallest skyscraper outside of New York. The main building is approximately 240m (787ft) tall with 36 floors.


Moscow State University, Russia by Chris Cheng, auf Flickr

Other examples of the Seven Sisters were Ukraine Hotel (206m), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (172m), Kudrinskaya Square Building (160m),
Red Gate Building (138m), Leningradskaya Hotel (136m)


Palace of Culture and Science - Warsaw
With a height of 237m and 42 floors it was Europe's second tallest skyscraper at that time and is still Warsaw and Poland's second tallest building.
The skyscraper was built in 1955 as a gift from Soviet Union to Warsaw. Soviet architect Lev Rudnev designed this building in Seven Sisters style.


The Palace of Culture and Science by richard.vegh, auf Flickr


First high-rise boom in Italy

Also in the 1950s, Italy constructed 6 high-rise buildings with more than 100m height. Especially in Milan, where 4 buildings were completed.

The tallest at this time is Pirelli Tower near Central Station with 127m and 32 floors. Construction of the tower began in 1956 when Italy was experiencing
an economic boom and was completed in 1958. Other examples are Torre Breda (117m), Torre Galfa (109m), Torre Velasca (106m). This makes Milan one of
the first high-rise cities on the continent.


Milan, Pirelli Building by alsopics, auf Flickr

Last edited by KlausD; Oct 30, 2022 at 9:02 AM.
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  #3  
Old Posted May 15, 2022, 2:39 PM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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The tallest buildings in Europe from 1960 to Today

Tour Montparnasse - Paris
First 200 m/656 ft+ skyscraper in Western Europe and European Union.
Constructed from 1969 to 1973 it reaches a roof height of 210m (689ft) with 59 floors.


Tour Montparnasse by Haxtorm, auf Flickr


Tower 42 (NatWest Tower) - London
Tower 42 is an 183 m (600 ft) high skyscraper in the City of London.
The building was completed in 1980 and was London's first skyscraper according to today's standards.


Tower 42, London, UK by globetrekimages, auf Flickr


Messeturm - Frankfurt/Main
First 200m / 656ft skyscraper in Germany and tallest building in Europe from 1990 to 1997.
Designed by architect Helmut Jahn, Messeturm reaches a height of 256.5 m (842 ft) with 63 floors.

Its design is comparable with some American skyscrapers such as Bank of America Plaza in Atlanta and Key Tower in Cleveland.


Messeturm by Nihil Baxter007, auf Flickr


Commerzbank Tower - Frankfurt/Main
In 1997, the Commerzbank Tower replaced the Messeturm as the tallest building in Europe.
The skyscraper was designed by Norman Foster and reaches a height of 258.7 m (849 ft) with 56 floors.
The building is also the first ecologically built skyscraper including sky gardens, natural lighting and air circulation.


Frankfurt, Bethmannstraße, Blick zur Commerzbank (view of the Commerzbank) by HEN-Magonza, auf Flickr


Triumph Palace - Moscow
For the first time in 15 years, the title of the tallest building in Europe returned to Moscow.
The 264 meter tall (866 ft), 57-story building was completed in 2005 and was at the time the tallest apartment building in Europe.

The building, architecturally based on the monumental style of the Stalin skyscrapers of the late 1950s, is often referred to as Eighth Sister.


by User:A.Savin (Wikimedia Commons)


Naberezhnaya Tower C - Moscow
The Naberezhnaya Tower C is the tallest tower of an office complex in the new emerging business district
"Moscow International Business Center". The skyscraper reaches a height of 268 m (879 ft) with 59 floors and was completed in 2007.


121. Naberezhnaya Tower C Moscow Russia by rungsun klinkaeo, auf Flickr


City of Capitals - Moscow
At the time of completion the tallest twin towers in Europe.
The taller of both towers reaches a height of 301.6 m (990 ft) and 73 stories. The complex was completed in 2009.


IMG_9442.jpg by GeorgeDement, auf Flickr


The Shard - London
First Supertall in United Kingdom, first in the European Union and for a short time the tallest building in Europe.
The Shard reaches a height of 309.6 m (1016 ft) and has 72 floors. At a height of 244 m there is also a observation
platform with a wonderful view over London.


Shard by Paul F 36, auf Flickr


Mercury City Tower - Moscow
The Mercury City Tower is probably the tallest building with golden brown facade
in the world. The Tower reaches a height of 339 m (1112 ft) with 75 floors and was completed in 2013.
Originally, the tower was planned to reach a total height of 380 m/1247 ft including a mast.
Due to new building regulations, the mast was no longer realised.


DSC_7493e by Ed Kaas, auf Flickr



OKO (South Tower) - Moscow
Mixed-use complex houses apartments, office space and a 5-star hotel.
Completed in 2015, it reaches a height of 354 m (1,162 ft) with 85 floors and
is the tallest residential building in Europe.


Not New York, not Hong Kong, this is Moscow! Oko tower 354m. by Canary Black, auf Flickr



Federation Tower (Vostok) - Moscow
Second tallest building in Europe. The taller of both towers reaches a height of 373,7 m (1226 ft) with 95 floors
and was completed on December 7, 2017. The complex was designed by Sergei Tchoban and Peter Schweger.


by Igor3188, Wikimedia Commons



Lakhta Center - Saint Petersburg
Currently the tallest skyscraper in Europe with a height of 462.5 m (1517 ft) and 87 floors.
Built for Gazprom, the building was topped out on 29 January 2018 and completed in 2019


Gazprom tower (Lakhta Center) St Petersburg. Russia by Mark Freeth, auf Flickr

Last edited by KlausD; Oct 30, 2022 at 11:39 AM.
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  #4  
Old Posted Oct 23, 2022, 3:57 PM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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New tallest building in the European Union

Since 2022, Varso Tower is the new tallest skyscraper of the European Union.
The building reaches with its spire a height of 310 m/1017 ft (roof height 236 m/774 ft).


by Anty000, wikimedia commons (CC BY-SA 4.0)


by https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Cybularny CC0 1.0 Universell (CC0 1.0)

Last edited by KlausD; Oct 24, 2022 at 11:14 AM.
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  #5  
Old Posted Oct 30, 2022, 9:40 AM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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I have replaced some orphaned links from Emporis in the first post.

Some proposed but never realized skyscrapers in Budapest.

Madách Square Tower | 27 storeys | 1927
architect: Hugó Gregersen



source: https://funzine.hu/en/2019/02/03/goo...-unbuilt-city/

Replacement of Rókus Hospital | 34 storeys | 1928
architect: Hugó Gregersen


source:https://pestbuda.hu/en/post/20220109...d_rakoczi_road


City Hall Tower | up to 120 meters | 25-30 storeys



source:https://pestbuda.hu/en/post/20220109...d_rakoczi_road

Last edited by KlausD; Oct 30, 2022 at 12:12 PM.
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  #6  
Old Posted Oct 30, 2022, 12:41 PM
KlausD KlausD is offline
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We continue with a never built skyscraper in Manchester.

http://www.theskyliner.org/blog-1/jo...nlights-vision

Quay Street Tower | 110 m (361 ft) | Manchester | 1948

source: confidentials.com
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  #7  
Old Posted Jan 24, 2024, 12:37 PM
KlausD2 KlausD2 is online now
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Siemensturm | 70 m (230 ft) | Berlin | 1918


Siemensstadt by mibuchat, auf Flickr


Alexrk2, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0 DEED)

Last edited by KlausD2; Jan 24, 2024 at 3:15 PM.
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  #8  
Old Posted Jan 24, 2024, 3:13 PM
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Hansahochhaus | 65 m (213 ft) | Cologne | 1925


© Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0 (via Wikimedia Commons)


Gemeinfrei

Last edited by KlausD2; Jan 24, 2024 at 3:26 PM.
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  #9  
Old Posted Jan 27, 2024, 6:13 PM
Rooted Arborial Rooted Arborial is offline
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I was most impressed by the Bata's skyscraper from 1938.

Many of these buildings are impressive, but the Bata's building seems much more advanced in its design than almost anything (other than some of

Frank Lloyd Wright's work) from as early as 1938.

Thanks for the education.
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  #10  
Old Posted Jan 27, 2024, 6:22 PM
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Last edited by KlausD2; Jan 27, 2024 at 6:34 PM.
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  #11  
Old Posted Feb 2, 2024, 3:44 PM
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MolsonExport MolsonExport is offline
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Awesome tour. Thanks for all your hard work.
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Old Posted Feb 3, 2024, 10:58 AM
KlausD2 KlausD2 is online now
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@Rooted Arborial

I was also surprised by the modern look of Bata's Skyscraper. There is also an example from Stuttgart that was way ahead of its time.

Breuninger Hochhaus 1929-1931

source: https://imgur.com/jdfSp0Y


@MolsonExport

Thank you. I'm glad you enjoyed it.

Last edited by KlausD2; Feb 13, 2024 at 6:44 PM.
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Old Posted Feb 9, 2024, 11:31 AM
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Palacio de la Prensa | 58 m (190 ft) | Madrid | 1929


by Luis García (Zaqarbal), Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0 DEED)


Cine Callao & Palacio de la Prensa, Madrid, 1954 by Roloff de Jeu, auf Flickr

Last edited by KlausD2; Feb 10, 2024 at 4:07 PM.
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  #14  
Old Posted Feb 10, 2024, 3:59 PM
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Ullsteinhaus | 77 m (253 ft) | Berlin | 1927


by User:Southpark, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.0 DEED)


by IHenseke, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0 DEED)
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  #15  
Old Posted Feb 10, 2024, 10:48 PM
KlausD2 KlausD2 is online now
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Another unbuilt skyscraper in Stockholm

Nybropalatset | ~150 m (492 ft) | 40 storeys | Stockholm | 1927

source: https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockh...da_byggprojekt


Architect: Thor Thörnblad, public domain

Last edited by KlausD2; Feb 11, 2024 at 3:41 PM.
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  #16  
Old Posted Feb 11, 2024, 10:42 AM
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Opelturm | 52 m (171 ft) | Rüsselsheim | 1929

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Old Posted Feb 26, 2024, 12:36 PM
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Never realized

Messeturm | 126 m (413 ft) | 30 storeys | Leipzig | 1919


source:https://www.mdr.de/nachrichten/sachs...0.html#sprung1
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Old Posted Yesterday, 4:45 PM
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Never realized

Tour Sans Fins | 425.6 m (1396 ft) | 103 storeys | La Défense (Paris) | 1989-1992

Tour Sans Fins - Wikipedia


https://www.jeannouvel.com/en/projects/tour-sans-fins/

Last edited by KlausD2; Yesterday at 6:10 PM.
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