Baltimore was founded 1729, named for the founder of the Colony of Maryland, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore. The city has been one of the nation's leading seaports since colonial times.
Baltimore earned it's fame as an important commercial and maritime center, since before the American Revolutionary War. During the defense of Fort McHenry by American forces during the British attack on September 13, 1814, a poet-lawyer named Francis Scott Key wrote what would become "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Today, Baltimore is one the nation's leading port and industrial cities. The population of the metropolitan area is over 2.5 million.