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Old Posted Aug 29, 2020, 12:27 AM
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GREECE - By Emarg








GREECE






Welcome to the new thread of Greece!
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Old Posted Aug 29, 2020, 1:03 AM
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Thessaloniki: City Overview


















Thessaloniki is Greece's second major economic, industrial, commercial and political centre; it is a major transportation hub for Greece and southeastern Europe, notably through the Port of Thessaloniki. It's located on the Thermaic Gulf, at the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea. The city is renowned for its festivals, events and vibrant cultural life in general, and is considered to be Greece's cultural capital. Events such as the Thessaloniki International Fair and the Thessaloniki International Film Festival are held annually, while the city also hosts the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora. It was founded in 315 BC by Cassander of Macedon. An important metropolis by the Roman period, Thessaloniki was the second largest and wealthiest city of the Byzantine Empire. It was conquered by the Ottomans in 1430, and remained an important seaport and multi-ethnic metropolis during the nearly five centuries of Turkish rule. It passed from the Ottoman Empire to Greece on 8 November 1912. It is home to numerous notable Byzantine monuments, including the Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as several Roman, Ottoman and Sephardic Jewish structures. The city's main university, Aristotle University, is the largest in Greece and the Balkans.

















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Old Posted Aug 29, 2020, 1:04 AM
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Old Posted Aug 29, 2020, 1:05 AM
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Old Posted Aug 29, 2020, 1:06 AM
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Old Posted Aug 31, 2020, 8:30 PM
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Great photos!

I've never been to Greece. I've entertained the idea of visiting it off and on; I have a Greek friend who I have lost touch with over the years, we used to hang out when we were both students and he was going to school in Los Angeles. I wouldn't mind going there and meeting up with him. He is from a place outside of Athens, a place called Glyfada.
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Old Posted Sep 1, 2020, 1:47 AM
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Thessaloniki: Hagios Demetrios








Hagios Demetrios is the main sanctuary dedicated to Saint Demetrius, the patron saint of Thessaloniki. The first church on the spot was constructed in the early 4th century AD, replacing a Roman bath. A century later, a prefect named Leontios replaced the small oratory with a larger, three-aisled basilica. Repeatedly gutted by fires, the church eventually was reconstructed as a five-aisled basilica in 629–634. This was the surviving form of the church much as it is today. The most important shrine in the city, it was probably larger than the local cathedral. The historic location of the latter is now unknown. The church had an unusual shrine called the ciborium, a hexagonal, roofed structure at one side of the nave. It was made of or covered with silver. The structure had doors and inside was a couch or bed. Unusually, it did not hold any physical relics of the saint. The ciborium seems to have been a symbolic tomb. It was rebuilt at least once. The basilica is famous for six extant mosaic panels, dated to the period between the latest reconstruction and the inauguration of the Byzantine Iconoclasm in 730. These mosaics depict St. Demetrius with officials responsible for the restoration of the church (called the founders, ktetors) and with children. An inscription below one of the images glorifies heaven for saving the people of Thessalonica from a pagan Slavic raid in 615. Thessaloniki became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1430. About 60 years later, during the reign of Bayezid II, the church was converted into a mosque, known as the Kasımiye Camii after the local Ottoman mayor, Cezeri Kasım Pasha. The symbolic tomb however was kept open for Christian veneration. Other magnificent mosaics, recorded as covering the church interior, were lost either during the four centuries when it functioned as a mosque (1493–1912) or in the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917 that destroyed much of the city. It also destroyed the roof and upper walls of the church. Black-and-white photographs and good watercolour versions give an idea of the early Byzantine craftsmanship lost during the fire. Following the Great Fire of 1917, it took decades to restore the church. Tombstones from the city's Jewish cemetery - destroyed by the Greek and Nazi German authorities - were used as building materials in these restoration efforts in the 1940s. Archeological excavations conducted in the 1930s and 1940s revealed interesting artifacts that may be seen in a museum situated inside the church's crypt. The excavations also uncovered the ruins of a Roman bath, where St. Demetrius was said to have been held prisoner and executed. A Roman well was also discovered. Scholars believe this is where soldiers dropped the body of St. Demetrius after his execution. After restoration, the church was reconsecrated in 1949.















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Old Posted Sep 1, 2020, 1:47 AM
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Old Posted Sep 1, 2020, 1:48 AM
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Old Posted Sep 1, 2020, 3:22 PM
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Oh wow....I have never seen Thessaloniki on here before. It looks beautiful. Great photos in capturing the city!
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Old Posted Sep 3, 2020, 1:03 AM
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Thank you!
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Old Posted Sep 3, 2020, 1:10 AM
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Thessaloniki: City from the Thermaic Gulf






Let's continue with the skyline of the city, captured from the ferry who goes from Thessaloniki to the beaches of Neoi Epivates, traveling through the Thermaic Gulf:




















































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Old Posted Sep 3, 2020, 1:11 AM
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Old Posted Sep 5, 2020, 1:15 AM
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Thessaloniki: Hagia Sophia





Since the 3rd century, there was a church in the location of the current Hagia Sophia. In the 8th century, the present structure was erected, based on the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul, Turkey). In 1205, when the Fourth Crusade captured the city, the Hagia Sophia was converted into the cathedral of Thessaloniki, which it remained after the city was returned to the Byzantine Empire in 1246. After the capture of Thessaloniki by the Ottoman Sultan Murad II on 29 March 1430, the church was converted into a mosque. It was reconverted to a church upon the liberation of Thessaloniki in 1912. Its ground plan is that of a domed Greek cross basilica. Together with the Gül and the Kalenderhane Mosques in Istanbul and the destroyed Church of the Dormition in Nicaea, it represents one of the main architectural examples of this type, typical of the Byzantine middle period. In the Iconoclastic era, the apse of the church was embellished with plain gold mosaics with only one great cross, similarly to the Hagia Irene in Constantinople and the Church of the Dormition in Nicaea. The cross was substituted with the image of the Theotokos (God-bearer, or Mary) in 787-797 after the victory of the Iconodules. The mosaic in the dome now represents the Ascension with the inscription from Acts 1:11 "Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven?". The dome is ringed by the figures of all Twelve Apostles, Mary and two angels.















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Old Posted Sep 5, 2020, 1:16 AM
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Old Posted Sep 5, 2020, 1:16 AM
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Old Posted Sep 10, 2020, 1:51 AM
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Crete: Landing at Chania





Going now to the Island of Crete. In this set, some images of the Landing at the Chania Airport, placed on the west side of the island and the starting point for those who visit the famous Elafonissi Beach:


































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Old Posted Sep 10, 2020, 1:54 AM
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Old Posted Sep 18, 2020, 1:41 AM
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Crete Island: Elafonisi Beach






One of the essentials of the Island of Crete, Elafonisi Beach is worldwide known for having parts of pink sand. Though most of the sand is, however, almost white, the visible landscape from the coast is impressive and it's definitely one of the most delicious beaches on Greece.














































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Old Posted Sep 18, 2020, 1:42 AM
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