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Grumpy Jul 30, 2006 8:48 PM

Brandenburg Gate with the Sommer Building and Liebermann Building

The Brandenburg Gate is undoubtedly the architectural highlight of Pariser Platz. Designed by Carl Gotthard Langhans, Court Superintendent of Buildings, the Gate is reminiscent of the Propylaea at the Acropolis in Athens. Its main architectural features have essentially remained unchanged since construction in 1791. Between 2000 and 2002, the German Foundation for Monument Protection carried out complete restoration of the Gate.

The original buildings to the right and left of the Brandenburg Gate were confronted with a different fate. Built in 1737 and modernized in 1846 by August Stüler, they were named after the master carpenter Carl August Sommer and the painter Max Liebermann, who used them for residential purposes. Both buildings were destroyed during World War Two.

The present buildings, designed by Josef P. Kleihues, were erected in 1998. The Brandenburg Gate was thus reintegrated into the architectural geometry of Pariser Platz.

Today, both buildings are occupied by banks and used for art exhibitions, lectures and conferences.

Brandenburger Tor (Brandenburg Gate)
Pariser Platz (Paris Square), Mitte; 1788-91 by Carl Gotthard Langhans, sculptures by Johann Gottfried Schadow

The Brandenburg Gate is the trademark of Berlin. The main entrance to the city, surrounded by the wall for thirty years, was known throughout the world as a symbol for the division of the city and for the division of the world into two power blocs. Today's international visitors to Pariser Platz come to re-experience this first gateway to the city, and to enjoy the long-denied freedom to walk through this magnificent work of art and look at it up close.
It was built as the grandest of a series of city gates constituting the passages through the customs wall encircling the city at the end of the eighteenth century. It is the only gate which survived, because it constitutes the monumental termination of Unter den Linden, the renowned boulevard of linden trees which led directly to the residence of the Prussian kings until the destruction of the city castle. The entire construction and ornamentation of the gate reflect the extraordinary importance it was granted by its builders. The architect selected as the model for his design the Propylaea in Athens, the monumental entry hall of the Acropolis. Just as the Propylaea led to a shrine of the Ancient world, this gate was to represent the access to the most important city of the Prussian kingdom. This reference to Antiquity made it the structure which founded the Classic age of architecture in Berlin, an epoch which brought the city its sobriquet "Spreeathen" ("Athens of the Spree" -- Berlin's river is called the Spree). The most important sculptor in Berlin during this period carried out the accompanying agenda of visual explanation. The Brandenburg Gate is crowned with a quadriga depicting the goddess of victory, "who brings peace", marching into the city. The relief on the pedestal portrays her again with her attendants. Personifications of virtues like friendship and statesmanship are represented, along with symbols of arts and sciences, because they make a city like Berlin bloom in times of peace. Reliefs with the exploits of Hercules in the passages allude to the time of the wars and the subsequent period of reconstruction, during which Friedrich II made Prussia into a European power and laid the foundation for flourishing trade and crafts. The gate thus is also a memorial for the king who died a few years before its construction.
The Brandenburg Gate is not only a symbol of division and reunification; it was also the site of many other events in German history, a history characterized by so many peaks and troughs. In 1806 Napoleon marched triumphantly into Berlin and carried the Quadriga away with him to Paris as a spoil of war. In 1814, after the victorious conclusion of the wars of liberation, Schinkel replaced the oak wreath on the goddess' scepter with an iron cross, changing the figure's interpretation from a courier of peace into a goddess of victory. In 1933 the National Socialists marched through the gate in a martial torch parade, introducing the darkest chapter of German history, ultimately leaving the city destroyed and Germany divided.

Grumpy Jul 30, 2006 8:55 PM

Museumsinsel Berlin - 2015 - Future Projection

The website for the master development plan of Berlin's Museumsinsel (Museum Island) shows its planned future form. It explains the master plan's basic idea and the restructuring of the museums and presents the history of the island's buildings and collections.

The Museumsinsel (Museum Island), considered as a unique ensemble of an educational landscape, represents 100 years of museum architecture in the middle of Berlin. The reunification of Germany opened up the historically unique opportunity to reunite the collections which had been divided between East and West. In 1999 UNESCO placed the Museumsinsel under its protection as a “World Cultural Heritage” site. The foundation's council had adopted a master plan for renovation of the buildings and modern development of the entire museum area. The master plan was included in the application for the distinctive classification by UNESCO. It treats the five historic buildings as a single unit while respecting their architectural autonomy. Responsibility for implementing the idea behind the master plan was assumed by the Museumsinsel planning group formed in 1998, which consists of the architecture offices commissioned with renovating the buildings and is chaired by David Chipperfield Architects.

The Museumsinsel is situated on the northern part of an island in the centre of Berlin in the River Spree and has an area formed in 1998, which consists of the architecture offices commissioned with renovating the buildings and is chaired by David Chipperfield Architects.

The Museumsinsel is situated on the northern part of an island in the centre of Berlin in the River Spree and has an area of almost one square kilometre. On this island, over six thousand years of human history are presented in a temple city of art and culture. The archaeological museums will be connected with one another at their base level both spatially and thematically by the Archaeological Promenade. This is the contextual bond which will present the cultures of the ancient occidental world in an overall, interdisciplinary display. In a main circuit in the Pergamon Museum the large streams of visitors will be presented the major exhibits of the Berlin museums, i.e. the monumental architecture of the old world. At the same time, these exhibits each continue to be connected spatially with the associated collections. Each building, which also has its own entrance, offers individual visitors a direct, undisturbed, intensive encounter with its collections.

The newly constructed James Simon Galerie between the Neues Museum (New Museum) and Kupfergraben (“copper ditch”, the western arm of the Spree) will welcome visitors and distribute them over the museum part of the island. It will be the main entrance to the museums on The Museumsinsel as well as to the main circuit and will offer central service functions such as cafés, a museum shop, a media room and an auditorium, not to mention the exhibition rooms for alternating presentations of the museums.

The colonnades around the Neues Museum and the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery) will be rearranged and the open spaces redesigned and opened for visitors up to the courtyards of the Bode Museum.

Technical administrations with libraries and archives, student repositories and restoration shops, etc. will be housed together in the new “Museumshöfe” (“museum courtyards”) being constructed on the other side of the Kupfergraben so as to gain space for infrastructure and service facilities on the island.

link :

Some historical facts:

The Museum Island was listed as one of UNESCO's world cultural heritage sites in 1999. The ensemble comprises five individual museums, the construction of which spanned a period of one hundred years - from 1830 (Old Museum) to 1930 (Pergamon Museum).

After German reunification, the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation assumed responsibility for the museums. Comprehensive restoration work was deemed necessary to prevent further disintegration of the buildings. The Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning took on the role of client in a general refurbishment and extension programme estimated to last 20 years. The Museum Island is to be the key location for a concept developed by the Berlin State Museums, in which works of art illustrating the history of mankind over a period of 6,000 years will be on display.

The Bode Museum currently houses the Numismatic Collection and Sculpture Collection, while the Pergamon Museum accommodates the three independent collections - the Museum of Islamic Art, the Museum of Near Eastern Antiquities and the Museum of Antiquities. The New Museum, which has stood vacant since the end of the war, is currently being refurbished. As yet, only the Old National Gallery - as the first of the five museums - has been completely restored.

An "Archaeological Promenade", created at the level still accommodating the depot and administrative offices today, will form a link between the Bode Museum, the Pergamon Museum, the New Museum and the Old Museum and channel the flow of expected visitors. The Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation anticipates an annual attendance of four million visitors when restoration work has been completed. By then, the mammoth project will have swallowed one billion Euros.

The open spaces at Museum Island will be designed to plans by the Berlin landscape architects Levin Monsigny, who won the open competition in 2001. In accordance the western core area of the Museum Island will become an urban space with carefully bordered edges and calm stone surfaces, while in the eastern area along the River Spree, the green sequence of the Lustgarten, the cathedral garden and the colonnades will present a waterfront with romantic garden images. Unified natural stone furniture and a lighting concept will connect the two sides. Thus the stone flooring of the underground sections of the Archeological Promenade will be marked with transparent points of light and all five buildings individually floodlit with soft lightning.

Grumpy Jul 30, 2006 9:04 PM

Jewish Museum

Jüdisches Museum Berlin (Lindenstraße 9-14 ,10969 Berlin)

The Jewish Museum is one of the few examples of deconstructivist architecture in Berlin. Construction took place between 1993 and 1999 to designs by Daniel Libeskind.

The exterior walls are marked by ribbons of windows that zig-zag across the zinc-clad façade, oblivious of storeys or rooms. From a bird's eye perspective the ground plan suggests a torn Star of David.

Five empty rooms symbolize the rifts torn through German society by the Holocaust. Only one "void" is accessible. Even the course of the passageways in three axes underscores the building as half museum, half memorial. The longest axis leads to the main staircase of the museum and thus to an uncertain tomorrow; the second directs the way to the open air and the Garden of Exile; the third and shortest axis ends in the empty Holocaust tower.

Long before the exhibits were mounted, the interest in the building itself led to a huge attendance: 350,000 people visited the empty museum building.

The Jewish Museum was planned as an extension of the main Baroque building of the adjacent Berlin Museum. The entrance to this striking new building, which can only be accessed by an underground passageway, is located there. However, the Jewish Museum has been an independent foundation since 1998.

The permanent exhibition bears testimony to German Jewish history and culture from its inception to the present day.




Two buildings, a classical Kollegienhaus and a modern structure hailed as an architectural masterpiece, house the exhibitions, collections, and several offices of the Jewish Museum Berlin.

The new building is full of artistic expression: the architect Daniel Libeskind named it “Between the Lines” on account of two linear shapes which form its structure. The “Line of Connectedness” expressed in the window design symbolizes the cultural exchange between Jews and non-Jews and the ways in which they influenced each other. The “Line of the Voids” is a series of empty rooms, which runs in a straight but disrupted line through the building. These empty rooms represent the cultural gaps left in Germany after the Holocaust.

The groundplan has been interpreted in many different ways. Some see it as a lightning bolt striking the city of Berlin. Daniel Libeskind, the architect, likens it to a deconstructed star of David.

The Libeskind building is formed of two main lines: the line of connection, tortuous and infinite, symbolises the cultural exchange between Jews and Gentiles and their mutual influences; a second line, straight but broken into discrete fragments, runs through the length of the house - it is the line of the void.

DTiger Aug 17, 2006 3:03 PM

Anschutz Entertainment Real Estate GmbH will build right next to the new Arena a "Giant Wheel". With 185m it will be Europe's tallest wheel. It will cost 75 million Euros.

Grumpy Sep 19, 2006 6:28 AM

About the Giant Wheel :nothing original really ...

how is the situation on the "Alexa" site ?

New proposal : "Tryphotel" near Alex

Actual situation demolition "Palast der Republik"

Grumpy Sep 22, 2006 8:17 AM

some impressions of the new airport BBI

GNU Sep 25, 2006 1:00 PM

a nice rendering for the Ostkreuz station:
I think its already uc since a while but Im not entirely sure.

design for the Berliner Rathaus underground station on the U5 line.

BBI airport:

Grumpy Sep 25, 2006 10:28 PM

@ GNU , vielen dank :tup:

A few Q's tough:

Ostkreuz : the works have begun near the Lichtenberg side to construct the bridge you can see in the rendering.

U5 line :there are 2 different renderings here ; one shows an area below street
level the others don't ?

BBI : the last rendering looks very much like the new Sudkreuz (former Papestrasse) trainstation

Grumpy Sep 26, 2006 9:30 AM

The Kaufhof Galleria on Alexanderplatz after a thorough renovation:

GNU Sep 26, 2006 10:42 AM


Originally Posted by Grumpy
@ GNU , vielen dank :tup:

A few Q's tough:

U5 line :there are 2 different renderings here ; one shows an area below street
level the others don't ?

I think its all below street level. But Im not really sure. I dont know the underground station so I cant make a real judgement on this.


Originally Posted by Grumpy
BBI : the last rendering looks very much like the new Sudkreuz (former Papestrasse) trainstation

Yes, its a bit similar I aggree.

GNU Sep 26, 2006 11:18 AM

Pictures of the new Suedkreuz station can be found here btw:

Grumpy Sep 26, 2006 12:20 PM

Future park on the grounds of the Palast der Republik

Grumpy Sep 28, 2006 9:38 PM

A never realised project from the 80's : the Berlin M-Bahn

Testride in Berlin in 1989

Where the tracks should be built back then:


Platform in the Gleisdreieck station


view to the gliding system from the end of the M-Bahn:


More info on the M-Bahn & Maglev line (Hamburg-Berlin) on pdf:

Grumpy Sep 29, 2006 8:28 PM

This time an update about a new park on former railway yards

The Gleisdreieck area will be transformed into one huge park.
Location of the area: south of the Potsdamer platz adjacent to the Landwehrkanal

How it used to be in 1902:

Changed Railroad intersection in the 20's:

planned Autobahnen in 1965:

2006 :approved design by Atelier Loidl:

Grumpy Sep 29, 2006 8:48 PM

New project : Marina Park (Spandauer See)

New Project :Floating Houses (Rummelsburger Bucht - Stralau)

Grumpy Sep 29, 2006 9:00 PM

Edited : photos no longer visible they are way to large

Entire Rummelsburger Bucht redeveloppement area:

Entire Spandauer See redeveloppement area:

Grumpy Sep 30, 2006 7:34 PM

Mediaspree project proposed buildings:

Near "Trias" builing (Jannowitzbruecke)

Altes Pumpwerk


Colombus Haus

Postareal am Ostbahnhof

Quartier im Orange

GSG hof




Grumpy Sep 30, 2006 7:46 PM


Swede Oct 1, 2006 7:39 PM

That's alot of good looking stuff. and great work finding all of it to show us :cheers:

Grumpy Oct 3, 2006 6:21 AM

The area round the new HBF in the future:

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