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Old Posted Jan 15, 2008, 9:22 PM
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Exclamation Significant increase in Winnipeg region's aboriginal population

An interesting article from the Free Press about the changing demographics of this city.

What do the rest of you think about this trend? What does it mean for this city down the road?

Discuss..

Quote:

Significant increase in Winnipeg region's aboriginal population
The Winnipeg Free Press | Updated at 2:17 PM


OTTAWA -- The Winnipeg region has experienced a significant increase in the number of aboriginal people living in and around the city over the last few years, reflecting a national trend that indicates more Canadians than ever who identify themselves as aboriginal are living in the country's urban centres.

Statistics Canada released new data today from the 2006 census on Canada's aboriginal population and it showed that 68,380 people living in the Winnipeg census metropolitan area identified themselves as aboriginal -- a 22.3 per cent increase in the region's native population since the last census.

The new census data shows that across Canada, 72.1 per cent of the country's off-reserve aboriginal population lives in urban centres, compared to only 26.3 per cent who live on reserves. The number of aboriginals living off reserve since the last census was taken in 2001 has increased by 3.0 per cent.

Canada's aboriginal population tends to gravitate toward cities in search of jobs and a better life. However, they often find it difficult to access the services they need to prosper. Off-reserve, they can no longer access the federally funded services once available to them and provincial governments are often unwilling to take financial responsibility, leaving those in need in a vacuum.

The 2006 census is the most detailed enumeration of Canada's Indian, Metis and Inuit population. Historically, aboriginal people have been reluctant participants in the census for a variety of reasons. Statistics Canada made an extra push to get a higher participation rate for the latest census, hiring communications staff to visit reserves in advance to appeal for co-operation.

As a result, more Canadians than ever have identified themselves as aboriginal -- 1,172,785 compared to 976,305 in 2001.

The increase can be explained by reasons besides the higher participation: aboriginal Canadians tend to have a higher birth rate than non-aboriginals and more people of mixed ancestry are coming forward to identify themselves as aboriginal.

The census shows the aboriginal population of Manitoba increased between 2001 and 2006: from 150,040 to 175,395. Of the total 2006 native population for the province, 32.4 per cent live on reserves and 74.0 per cent of those living off reserves live in urban areas.

While Manitoba has a total of 86 reserves, the latest census figures do not include statistics from 21 reserves in the province. Statistics Canada said either not enough people on those reserves chose to participate in the census or for those that did, the quality of the data received was questionable or the reserves were small. For privacy reasons, detailed census information is not released on any community with a total population of fewer than 40 people.

In the Winnipeg census metropolitan region, 25,900 (37.9 per cent) of the aboriginal population identified themselves as Indian, while 40,980 (59.9 per cent) were Metis.

Census metropolitan areas do not conform to established municipal boundaries. Statistics Canada determines its own geographic definition of a metropolitan area with a population of at least 100,000, but it also includes surrounding urban and rural communities based on analysis of commuting patterns and other factors.

The census is conducted every five years by Statistics Canada and is based on information filled out by Canadians on May 16, 2006. The data released Tuesday on aboriginal people follows a series of releases last year on immigration, language, overall population growth, families, as well as the age and sex breakdowns of the population. Future census information to be released over the coming months will give demographic breakdowns of visible minorities, labour force activity and education.
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Old Posted Jan 15, 2008, 9:40 PM
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Aboriginal and Metis Population Rising
JAN 15 2008 01:20 PM

The 2006 Aboriginal Census released Tuesday morning shows a huge increase in Manitoba's Métis population. It's up 58 percent from 1996 to 2006, to 72-thousand people.
Winnipeg City Councillor Dan Vandal who is Métis tells CJOB, the aboriginal and Métis population increase represents huge opportunities on the job front:


In Winnipeg, 10.2 percent or just over 68-thousand people identify themselves as aboriginal. That's the highest numbers and percentage of any urban centre in the country of comparable size.

The aboriginal population of both Thompson and Portage la Prairie has now risen to 36 percent.

CJOB News
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Old Posted Jan 15, 2008, 9:44 PM
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Winnipeg has most aboriginal people in Canada
Last Updated: Tuesday, January 15, 2008 | 11:40 AM CT
CBC News

More aboriginal people live in Winnipeg than in any other major city in Canada, according to new census data released Tuesday by Statistics Canada.

One in 10 Winnipeggers identified themselves as aboriginal in the 2006 census — the largest percentage of any major city in the country. The Manitoba capital also has the largest aboriginal population in sheer numbers, at 68,380.

The growth of the city's aboriginal population — defined as those who said they were Indian, Métis or Inuit — has been dramatic in recent years, growing by 22 per cent over five years, compared with only one per cent for non-aboriginal Winnipeggers.

Damon Johnson, head of the Aboriginal Centre of Winnipeg, said the numbers are significant for the city, with implications for governments, social agencies and businesses.

Too many aboriginal Winnipeggers have not integrated successfully into city life, Johnson said, and action needs to be taken to change this.

In Winnipeg, almost 41,000 of the aboriginal census respondents said they were Métis, an increase of almost 10,000 in just five years.


Nationally, this is the first census to show Canada's aboriginal population topping the million mark, an increase of 45 per cent from a decade earlier.

Part of the reason for the increase is higher birth rates among aboriginal people compared to the non-aboriginal population, according to Statistics Canada.

But it's also because more people than before are identifying themselves as aboriginal.

The median age for the Canadian aboriginal population is 27, compared with 40 for the non-native population — in part due to a shorter estimated life span for aboriginal people, as well as a higher birth rate.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 3:55 AM
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Job programs aren't keeping up to aboriginal growth
Updated at 2:10 PM

By Aldo Santin

JOE BRYKSA / WINNIPEG FREE PRESS

"The programs that we've designed for First Nation people over the past 20 years have not worked," Helgason said today.
Manitoba's aboriginal population continues to be the fastest growing segment in the province, new data from Statistics Canada shows, but analysts this morning said that existing programs and services have not provided the jobs and education necessary for these people to play a role in Manitoba's growth.


Statistics Canada's analysis of the 2006 Census revealed that while the non-aboriginal component of Manitoba's population decreased by one per cent between 1996 and 2006, the aboriginal population increased 36 per cent.

Data from the 2006 Census released today shows:

- Winnipeg was home to the largest Aboriginal population in Canada, 68,380.

- Aboriginal people represent 10 per cent of Winnipeg metropolitan area.

- The aboriginal population of Winnipeg grew 22 times faster than the non-aboriginal population between 2001 and 2006.

- The number of people identifying themselves as Metis in Manitoba grew 58 per cent between 1996 and 2006, reaching 71,805 people in 2006.

- Aboriginal people made up a considerable share of the population in smaller urban centres: 36 per cent of the population of Thompson; 23 per cent of the population of Portage la Prairie; 9 per cent of Brandon; 40 per cent of The Pas; and 27 per cent of population of Selkirk.

Wilf Falk, the director of the Manitoba Bureau of Statistics, said Metis are participating in all sectors of Manitoba's economy at much higher levels compared to First Nation people.

Wayne Helgason, executive director of the Social Planning Council of Winnipeg, said the data shows that First Nation continue to have the lowest levels of education and employment, are more likely to be in single-parent families and live in crowded housing, and more likely to live in poverty.

"The programs that we've designed for First Nation people over the past 20 years have not worked," Helgason said following a news conference at the Thunder Bird House where the 2006 Census data was released.

Helgason said he believes the main reason the programs aimed at raising First Nation standards have not succeeded is because First Nation community leaders have allowed government agencies and non-aboriginals to design and deliver these programs.

"You don't take responsibility (for your people) by having everyone else doing everything for you," Helgason said.

Helgason said the only way to have the majority of First Nation people fully share in Manitoba's economy is to ensure that their children get an education and "become self sufficient and successful. It's a long-term process."

Falk said aboriginals and immigrants will soon become the major component of Manitoba's labour force, adding society has to make sure that these people have the education and skills to replace retiring workers.

"They need to have the skills to take the jobs that will open up," Falk said.


aldo.santin@freepress.mb.ca
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 3:58 AM
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This is scary. The fact that this community has no capacity and is so predominant makes things even worse. Winnipeg is becoming one big reserve.

Its clear now. How this community goes, goes our city.

Failure of this community means failure of our City.

Do nothing and social issues will take over our city. People's attitudes will eventually result in an exodus of the mobile class.

Do something great and our city is re-born like the Phoenix.

We are at a crossroads my friends.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 4:02 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by urbanprince View Post
This is scary. The fact that this community has no capacity and is so predominant makes things even worse. Winnipeg is becoming one big reserve.

Its clear now. How this community goes, goes our city.

Failure of this community means failure of our City.

Do nothing and social issues will take over our city. People's attitudes will eventually result in an exodus of the mobile class.

Do something great and our city is re-born like the Phoenix.

We are at a crossroads my friends.
The greatest problem is that it's political suicide for a white politician to speak up openly on this issue.

If ever you think the Province and the City lack vision, Manitoba's Chief's have even less.

Winnipeg will be up shits creek in 20 years if we don't take radical steps now to address the problems in the Aboriginal community.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 4:13 AM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Only The Lonely.. View Post
The greatest problem is that it's political suicide for a white politician to speak up openly on this issue.

If ever you think the Province and the City lack vision, Manitoba's Chief's have even less.

Winnipeg will be up shits creek in 20 years if we don't take radical steps now to address the problems in the Aboriginal community.
You mean casino's and gas bars aren't great gifts to our society?
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 4:34 AM
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Originally Posted by rrskylar View Post
You mean casino's and gas bars aren't great gifts to our society?
I'd prefer that they fix up the Down's but that's a different story.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 4:36 AM
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A 35% bump in population is a pretty big increase. Aboriginals in Winnipeg may be one of the fastest growing visible minorities of any Canadian City.

I doubt that even the Asian communities in Vancouver and Toronto are growing as fast.

Even as we speak i'm trying to figure out what the racial make-up of this city will be in 2020 or 2032.

By the time most of us are middle aged Winnipeg could be a very different place.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 6:22 AM
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These statistics, like many are probably quite misleading.

Statistics Canada has probably broadened the definition of "aboriginal" and "metis". For example, I can think of plenty of people I know who look slightly less aboriginal than Jeff Foxworthy or Morgan Freeman. Nevertheless they insist that they are indeed aboriginal. That's fine , I really don't care but the statistic itself is probably not nearly as accurate as it might first seem since it almost certainly relied on the census of 2006. That makes it a self-reporting issue. Think you're aboriginal ? Okay, check that off on the census. Voila ! You're now an aboriginal. Whether this was a conclusion drawn for 2006 census figures or some other survey the inherent flaw is the same : nobody is going to argue the matter with you in this case. If I decide to state that I'm black because my grandfather was black, I guess from SC's viewpoint, I'm an African-Canadian.
The truth is that nothing is all that much different today from a year or two ago. As a segment of the population it's no surprise that Natives and Metis make up a greater percentage but the article itself even says the same thing that I just did. It's less of a shift in demographics and more of a shift in definition.

The true figure has undoubtedly risen but I seriously doubt it's been nearly so dramatic as the statistics would suggest.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 7:13 AM
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I've been seeing a bunch of articles from different Canadian cities talking about the same issue. It seems as though part of the "increase" is simply due to the fact that StatsCan missed fewer people this time around.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 6:27 PM
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Originally Posted by rrskylar View Post
You mean casino's and gas bars aren't great gifts to our society?
Gotta start somewhere right? My apologizes if they're not building 4-star hotels and 20+ story apartment buildings. But then again, who is these days?

No, it would be better for everyone involved if they did nothing and continued to live on welfare.
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Old Posted Jan 16, 2008, 11:09 PM
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Originally Posted by rrskylar View Post
You mean casino's and gas bars aren't great gifts to our society?
Of course they are. I'm being totally serious, too.

As a point of interest, could Natives sell alcohol privately on reserve land? If so, that's the best argument I could think of for allowing an urban reserve--sticking it to the Liquor Commies.
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Old Posted Jan 17, 2008, 3:21 AM
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Of course they are. I'm being totally serious, too.

As a point of interest, could Natives sell alcohol privately on reserve land? If so, that's the best argument I could think of for allowing an urban reserve--sticking it to the Liquor Commies.
My reserve is dry, as are most that I know of. I'm sure someone could find a reserve that does allow liquor sales, but they are few and far between in Manitoba anyways. But an Urban reserve is another machine altogether.
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Old Posted Jan 17, 2008, 3:22 PM
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^Cross Lake! I know because I bought beer there last year.
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Old Posted Jan 17, 2008, 4:47 PM
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They increased almost 20% in Thunder Bay. I didn't read the articles above so I'm probably repeating something, but most of them are coming in for jobs and education opportunities which they lack on reserves. Ontario's first nations communities are among the most impoverished places in the western hemisphere.

Of the 5,000 people in my census tract, about 1300 are aboriginal, though it seems like more as I live along the main street which is dominated by aboriginal families. (The inner neighbourhood is still very white)
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Old Posted Jan 18, 2008, 4:21 AM
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^Cross Lake! I know because I bought beer there last year.
Did you buy on or off reserve? I ask because where I'm from, Norway House (mortal enemies to Cross Lake btw lol), there is a bar and vendor off-reserve.

I know of a few reserves like this, where both communities will utilize the same name for the most part. Since they are the same community anyways. More notable communities not doing this would be The Pas and OCN (Opaskwayak Cree nation).
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Old Posted Jan 18, 2008, 4:24 AM
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They increased almost 20% in Thunder Bay. I didn't read the articles above so I'm probably repeating something, but most of them are coming in for jobs and education opportunities which they lack on reserves. Ontario's first nations communities are among the most impoverished places in the western hemisphere.

Of the 5,000 people in my census tract, about 1300 are aboriginal, though it seems like more as I live along the main street which is dominated by aboriginal families. (The inner neighbourhood is still very white)
On a side note, my Dad attended University there before finishing up in Brandon. I'll ask him for an address of where he stayed. This would be in the 80s though, so given how old you are it could at least be an interesting coffee table discussion.

EDIT: It was on James Street, no exact address though. But he does have a pic so perhaps I can upload it later. But Fort William area??
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Old Posted Jan 18, 2008, 2:27 PM
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Did you buy on or off reserve? I ask because where I'm from, Norway House (mortal enemies to Cross Lake btw lol), there is a bar and vendor off-reserve.
On reserve. There is a small vendor attached to the hotel in Cross.
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Old Posted Jan 25, 2008, 2:24 AM
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Gotta start somewhere right? My apologizes if they're not building 4-star hotels and 20+ story apartment buildings. But then again, who is these days?
Every other major city in Canada.
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