|An administrative region of southeast China comprising Macau Peninsula and two offshore islands in the South China Sea west of Hong Kong. A Portuguese trading post was established here in 1557 and became a free port in 1849. Macau was a Portuguese overseas province until 1999, when it reverted to Chinese sovereignty. The city of Macau, coextensive with the peninsula, is the capital. |
Guia Lighthouse, the first lighthouse in Far East were built in Macau in 1864.