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Teatro Amazonas

Praça São Sebastião s/n, Centre
Manaus AM Brazil

Status:built
Construction Dates
  Began1881
  Finished1897
Floor Count4
Building Uses
 - theatre
 - monument
Structural Types
 - lowrise
 - dome
Architectural Style
 - streamline moderne
 - classical
 - italianate
 - renaissance revival
Materials
 - glass
 - wood
 - limestone
 - marble
 - stucco
 - brick
 - concrete


Description
• Architect: Celestial Sacardim, Italy.

• Painter: Crispim do Amaral.
• Decorator: Domenico de Angelis, Italy.
• Entrepreneur: A. J. Fernandes Júnior.
• Owner: Governo do Estado Amazonas, Secretaria de Cultura.
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• The second largest theater of the Amazon (surpassed only by the Teatro da Paz in Belém). It was built with money of the rubber cycle.

• The history starts in 1881, when deputy A. J. Fernandes Júnior presented the project to build a theater in masonry in the city of Manaus. The proposal was approved by the Provincial Assembly of the Amazon and began discussions regarding the construction of the building. Manaus, living the peak of the cycle of rubber, Bélle Epoche, was one of the most prosperous cities in the world, packaged by the wealth coming from the latex of rubber trees, product highly valued by European and U.S. industries. The city needed a place where foreign artists could be presented themselves and the construction of the theater, was a requirement of the season.

• The architectural project was chosen for the authorship of the Office of Engineering and Architecture Portuguese in Lisbon in 1883. However, amid the discussions about the site for the building and the costs of the work, the foundation stone was launched in 1884. Work proceeded slowly over the following fifteen years with some stops and re-starts from 1885 to 1893 in the government of Eduardo Ribeiro, the peak of the cycle of rubber, construction took momentum. Were brought architects, builders, painters and sculptors in Europe to carry out the work. The interior decoration was the burden of Crispim do Amaral, except the auditorium, the most luxurious of the building, delivered in 1895 to the Italian artist Domenico de Angelis. Roofing tiles came from Alsace, furniture and furnishings in the style of Louis XV came from Paris, much from the Koch Fréres company. From Italy came Carrara marble for the stairs, statues, and columns. Steel walls were ordered from England. The theatre has 198 chandeliers, including 32 of Murano glass. The hall of the theater performances have the capacity for 701 people, distributed between the audience and three floors of boxes. The dome is covered with 36,000 decorated ceramic tiles painted in the colors of the national flag.

• The theatre was inaugurated on 31 December 1896, with the first performance occurring on 7 January 1897 with the Italian opera, La Gioconda, by Amilcare Ponchielli. It has been restored four times, most recently in 1929, 1974 and between 1988 and 1990, and it currently has 701 seats covered with red velvet.

• In the auditorium, with baroque features, there is a painting of the ceiling, called "the glorification of Fine Arts in the Amazon" in 1899, by Domenico de Angelis. It is the ornament on the columns on the ground floor, with masks in honor of famous classical composers and playwrights such as Aeschylus, Aristóphane, Moliére, Rossini, Mozart, Verdi and others. On the vaulted ceiling are posted four screens painted in Paris by the House Carpezot - the most traditional of the season - where they are portrayed allegories of music, dance, tragedy and a tribute to the great Brazilian composer Carlos Gomes. The center, hangs a crystal chandelier with gold, imported from Venice, which descends to the level of chairs for the performance of their maintenance and cleaning.

• It is also in the room of spectacles, a painting of the curtain of the stage, by Crispim do Amaral, who refers to the meeting of waters of rivers Negro and Solimões. The theater has several rooms, designed with different materials, so it was considered a particularly eclectic space.

• It is undoubtedly the most important building in the city, not only for his invaluable architectural value, but primarily for its historical importance, a living proof of prosperity and wealth experienced in the golden phase of rubber. The theater is the reference for shows regional, national and international.

• Have passed the stage of the Teatro Amazonas: Margot Fonteyn, Christoph Schlingensief and Roger Waters.

• The theatre appeared in the film Fitzcarraldo directed by the German director Werner Herzog in 1982.

• Since middle the 80ies, in Centre can not be built buildings higher then dome, estimated of more than 12 floors or 42m if floor to floor is 3.5m.
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• Photo Link: http://manaus1.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/teatro_amazonas-de-wikipedia.jpg

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Drawing by Artemco
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