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Kingdom Centre
برج المملكة‎

King Fahad Road, Olaya & Orouba Streets, Al-Olaya
Riyadh Saudi Arabia

Status:built
Construction Dates
  Began1999
  Finished2002
Floor Count41
Basement Floors2
Floor Area94,230 m²
Building Uses
 - mixed use
 - hotel
 - observation
 - office
 - residential
 - retail
Structural Types
 - highrise
 - hole
Architectural Style
 - modern
Materials
 - glass
 - steel
 - concrete, reinforced

 Heights ValueSource / Comments 
Roof992 ftCTBUH
Top floor953 ftCTBUH, Elevation
Observation deck

Description
• Architect: Omrania & Associates.

• Designer: Ellerbe Becket Inc.

• Project Manager: Saudi Arabian Bechtel.
• Main Contractor: El-Seif Engineering Contractors.
• Owner: Prince Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
• Contractor: Impregilo.
• Constructors: Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group BLWTL, Aleesco Ready Mix Concrete, Arup Facade Engineering, Götz Middle East, JC Maclean Group, Kvernstoen, Rönnholm and Associates Inc., Lerch Bates Inc., Mitsubishi Electric Saudi Ltd., Ove Arup & Partners, Saudi American Glass Factory, Saudi Arabian Bechtel Company, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Saudi Crawford Doors Ltd., Saudi Lighting Company Ltd., Sendai Eversendai Engineering Group, Thompson Cole Quantity Surveyors, Yamamoto Moss.
• Tenant: Four Seasons Hotels & Resorts.
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• Riyadh building codes prohibit occupied floors above a certain height, leading to this building's unusual design. This makes Kingdom Centre the tallest Highrise in the world below 50 floors.

• Tower width: 76.8m (source Ellerbe Becket).
• Tower depth: 37.8m (source Ellerbe Becket).

• Host the highest mosque in the world and the largest hole in the world in a building, as well tallest in Saudi Arabia upon completation.

• Total built up area is 300,000 m².
• Total Cost: 1,717 Million SAR (US$ 1 billion).
• Bulk rock excavations: 670,000 m³.
• Concrete: 230,000 m³.
• Curtain wall glass: 85,000 m².
• Wedding hall: 4,400 m² (3,000 people seated).
• 22 escalators and 3000 car parking.
• Single tower floor: 2,225 m².

• 3-storey Al-Mamlaka Shopping Mall contains 161 prestigious stores in east wing. This mall won a major design award.

• The large opening is illuminated at night in continuously changing colors. The tower's unique shape culminates in a triangular opening spanned 56 meter long skybridge atop the building, at a height of 311 meters, which contains a public observation deck. Its side spaces are empty to the left and right, containing an enormous latticework of diagonal steel beams. The observation deck has an arched floor, and features diagonal cross-beams along the windows.

• Headquarters of Kingdom Holding Company.

• The building was planned from the beginning as an iconic country symbol, and the final design was selected over 100 submissions by major architectural firms after a 3-year process.

• In building has five-star hotel, a major bank headquarters, a sports club, a wedding and conference center, a luxury condominium, apartment complex and a restaurant which its level there is a conference room with a skylight looking up at the hole structure.

• The hotel's lobby is the largest in city as well the largest in the entire Four Seasons hotel chain.

• The building's entrances are 4, one per facade, each one serving a different usage (hotel, shopping, lobby, and apartments/offices).

• Landscaped courtyards filled with palm trees welcome visitors on the north and south sides of the tower, as well the lighting in the driveway of its shape and the light at the recessed arc in place of the hole.

• The inverted arch at the top was described by the developer as the city's "necklace", because the opening is lined with aluminum to highlight the unique shape in contrast all of the facade in reflective blue glass.

• The main lobby is a elliptical space with ribbed vaulting, elevated walkways, a fountain, and rows of palm trees. This elliptical form is a footprint used overall in the building objects and decoration.

• It wons an important award in 2002 for its design.

• The original design called for a tower of 296.3 meters, but it was later increased.
___________________________________________________________

• Photo Link: http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v627/skyscraperrot/kingdom01.jpg

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Ellerbe Becket - Architect
  
  

Drawing by Martin H Unzon
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