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National Grand Theater of China
国家大剧院

Chang'an Avenue
Beijing BJ China

Status:built
Construction Dates
  Began1999
  Finished2002
Building Uses
 - theatre
 - conference
Structural Types
 - lowrise
 - dome
Architectural Style
 - modern
Materials
 - glass
 - steel

 Heights ValueSource / Comments 
Roof152 ftWikipedia

Description
• Architects: Paul Andreu, François Tamisier, Hervé Langlais, Mario Flory, Olivia Faury, Serge Carillon.

• Design: Paul Andreu Architect associated with ADPi.
• Client: BIAD - The Grand National Theater Committee.
• Project Manager: Felipe Starling.
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• Its shape like an ellipsoid dome of titanium and glass surrounded by an artificial lake, seats 5,452 people in three halls and is almost 12,000 m² in size.

• Construction inaugurated with a concert in December 2007.

• Ground dimension: 212.20 m x 146.64 m.

• Cost: 300 Millions € or ¥ 3.2 billion CNY. The initial plan was 2.688 billion Renminbi.

• About the huge cost: The cost increased due to delay for reevaluation and subsequent minor changes in it as precaution after a Paris airport terminal building collapsed. This was source of controversy because many believed nearly impossible to recover the investment. After calculation, each seat is worthed about ¥ half a million CNY. An answer of Chinese goverment although was, the construction of theater to be not a profit venture. The maintenance costs actually are very high though but this is not to be make the selling tickets at high price.

• One of biggest dome for such activities in world.

• The National Centre for the Performing Arts is separated from the Tian An Men Square by The Great Hall.

• The building houses:
- opera house of 2416 seats,
- concert hall of 2017 seats,
- 2 theatres (one of 1040 seats) included in a titanium and glass shell which houses the public space.

• The glass shell of one of them opens like a curtain which moves away showing the interior of the theatres, exhibition and public spaces. The titanium in opposite protect and cover, creating some shadows' areas more discret.

• Its concept: National Centre for the Performing Arts is a cultural island in the middle of a lake, says architect coordinator.
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• Photo Links:
http://images.businessweek.com/ss/05/12/china_wonders/image/national_theater.jpg
http://www.chinese-architecture.info/TEN/national-gran-theater1.jpg
http://www.e-architect.co.uk/beijing/jpgs/national_grand_theatre_beijing_paulandreu251007_5.jpg

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